Hodges' Model: Welcome to the QUAD

- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. Read about this resource for HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model can facilitate PERSON-CENTREDNESS, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, HOLISTIC CARE and REFLECTION. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal as I finalise my research question with part 2 starting in 2016. See our bibliography, archive and please get in touch [@h2cm]. Welcome.

Friday, February 05, 2016

New Zika Fact Sheet in English & Spanish - c/o [hipnet]

The Zika virus, a mosquito-borne disease, has reached epidemic proportions in Brazil and is moving north through Central America and the Caribbean. Several cases have been reported in the US and the World Health Organization estimates Zika will appear in nearly every country in our hemisphere, except the cooler areas of Canada and Chile.

To help people cope with this disease, Hesperian has rapidly developed emergency information on Zika, its symptoms, and how to take personal and community-wide precautions to limit its spread. Now available in English and Spanish, we are working on translations in Portuguese and Haitian Kreyol to ensure this health information reaches the people who need it most.

I hope you find this online, printable resource helpful. Please share it widely with your networks:

English http://en.hesperian.org/hhg/Zika#
Spanish http://es.hesperian.org/hhg/Zika

Rachel Grinstein​
Rachel Grinstein
Development and Marketing Associate
Hesperian Health Guides

Check out our two new titles:

HIPNet is a practitioner support network. We encourage cooperation and collaboration among members to eliminate duplication of materials, and promote dialogue and use of health information. Join HIPNet at http://knowledge-gateway.org/hipnet

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Thursday, February 04, 2016

"Values in Advanced Directives" mapped to Hodges' model

Hechter, et al. (1999) consider values in respect of advanced directives and medical treatment. The authors discuss an old debate in social science that still divides objectivists and subjectivists. Below, with my emphasis the four designated values are mapped to Hodge' model:

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

(ii) self-concept values involving feelings of dignity, self-control, and/or physical capacity (designated as function);

(i) hedonic values about pain, aversive physical states, chances for recovery to some minimally satisfactory level, and so forth (designated hereafter as pain);

(iii) allocentric values referring to concerns with creating an emotional burden for family and/or loved ones (designated as burden)

(iv) financial considerations (designated as cost) (p.409). 

Since 1999 and considering the above I have added the following additions to reflect elements of change and a more generic view:

identity, self-expression (of needs), consistency in expressed wishes, intentionality, mood, alternative-adaptive forms of communication, time - active listening

distance, logistics (family, friends), what telecare might offer in terms of communication, evidence-based interventions, measures, assessment

independent advocacy, standards of social care, 'appropriate' placement for ongoing care, social - life history;

legislation - mental capacity, advocacy, evidence-based care - policy, pension, safeguarding;

While the focus of Hechter, et al. is specific these values also apply in a more generic sense. As students and lifelong learners engage with patients, carers and public they must learn to have due regard for the totality of values that might be encountered.

Hechter, M., Ranger-Moore, J., Jasso, G., & Horne, C. (1999). Do Values Matter? An Analysis of Advance Directives for Medical Treatment. European Sociological Review, 15(4), 405-430.

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Tuesday, February 02, 2016

LE t's GO

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

Elahe Izadi (2016) The disabled Lego figures that have sparked actual tears of joy. Independent.

Photo source [mirrored]: 

Lego: "If you build it, they will come"

Will they - really? I wonder and hope so...

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Monday, February 01, 2016

Definition of a conceptual framework, Antonenko (2015)

"Definition of a conceptual framework  
Anecdotal evidence obtained from numerous discussions with students, colleagues, and the few research design books that address the issue of conceptual frameworks (e.g., Ravitch and Riggan 2012) indicates that the construct conceptual framework is viewed from at least three perspectives. The first, and most superficial, view defines conceptual framework as a visual representation of the structure of the study and its alignment with the relevant theoretical foundations. According to this view, conceptual framework is a figure, typically presented as a concept map, that summarizes all key information presented in the literature review of the study" (p.55).
At first it is confusing when within academic writing you have to present your theoretical - conceptual framework. In Hodges' model I already have one. Antonenko is very informative but I don't believe that this first definition is necessarily that superficial. It depends on the context and purpose. There is something in instrumental value that seems closely allied with the visual form and the paper provides an example.

If as Antonenko suggests there is a conceptual framework presented in the literature review, perhaps Hodges' model as a conceptual framework that can integrate discussion and the conclusion(s)? From the paper there are other points of note - even in the sub-headings alone, for example:

Conceptual framework is more than a literature review
The connective function of conceptual frameworks

Discipline is essential to prevent any risk of superficiality, or navel-gazing and Antonenko lists many strategies, including:
Avoiding getting stuck in a ‘‘no-risk’’ zone (Miles and Huberman 1994, p. 22), a situation where all concepts in the framework are abstract and interconnected. Informed commitments must be made regarding what the researcher finds as most relevant and important pieces of the conceptual framework. The entire point of building a conceptual framework is to be explicit and selective about the focus of the study (p.66).

Antonenko, P. D. (2015). The instrumental value of conceptual frameworks in educational technology research. Educational Technology Research and Development. 63(1), 53–71. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-014-9363-4

My source and with many thanks:
Technology Enhanced Learning studies, Module 6. Lancaster Univ.

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Sunday, January 31, 2016

Join the Grid: Africa Research Methods Library of Alexandria


“In Africa there are so few people trained in research methods. Without skills in research methods and training, one cannot publish in top journals. What then can be done to change this?"
Professor Ron LaPorte, Emeritus Professor of Epidemiology and co-founder of the Supercourse of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh WHO collaborating Center.

In answer to the challenge posed in the quote by Professor LaPorte, in collaboration with the team at the Library of Alexandria, we have developed a completely free (open access) research methods library that is one of the largest in the world where faculty and students can go to have their research methods answers answered, and we encourage researchers, faculties and students across Africa to be part of the new Africa Rising in research.

Let me share this abstract by some of my colleagues on the work we are doing at in an article presented to the Society for the Advancement of Science in Africa (SASA) 3rd International Annual Conference, which held in Toronto, Canada in August 29015, with the title : “Research Methods Library of Alexandria to Boost Scientific Productivity in Africa”. It was led by Ronald LaPorte, Ph.D, (University of Pittsburgh) with Ismail Serageldin, Ph.D., (Library of Alexandria), Musa Kana, M.D. , Eugene Schubnikov, M.D., and Faina Linkov, Ph.D. as co-authors . The abstract read:

"During the past decade there has been a threefold marked acceleration of research in Africa. Despite this increase, still only 2.5% of the world’s literature is published from Africa. We want to markedly increase this. Often, when people see this fact, they argue that more international and national money should be spent. However, it is unlikely in the near future that there will be a marked increase in funding for science.

We have taken a different, potentially very effective, but frugal approach. For 76% of the articles that are rejected, the reason is due to poor research methods. In Africa, there are brilliant young investigators with outstanding research ideas, yet they have problems publishing. The reason for the difficulty is what we call “stataphobia”, which is the fear of statistics and not having access to help. In Africa, in many countries, there are few people trained in research methods. It does not matter how bright a young person is, they cannot publish without a knowledge of statistics.

We therefore have built the “Research Methods Library of Alexandria (RMLA)”.


This is a one-stop shopping center for answers to research methods. We have over 2,000 research and YouTube presentations, an “ask a research librarian”, numerous courses, free statistics books and software, scientific apps, and a survey portal. It is the largest library of research methods yet created. Everyone can use it for free.

We have just built a network of users. We have identified over 10,000 faculty members in medical schools in Africa and provided information about the program. Over 200 universities have put a “RMLA Button” on their site so that if one has a question about research methods, they click on the button and are whisked to the RMLA to find answers. We are also planning a top quality scientific journal that is peer reviewed, in the English Language, and of open access. It will also be one of the first “mentored” journals where the editors help authors with good ideas and data.

We are starting with health research, but will shortly expand to agriculture, climate, and computer engineering."

Research Methods Library of Alexandria to Boost Scientific Productivity in Africa. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280884374_Research_Methods_Library_of_Alexandria_to_Boost_Scientific_Productivity_in_Africa

Do you want to become a champion for strengthening scientific research publication in Africa and also become a foundation member of the RMLA ? Or do you desire more information for yourself or your institution?, It is simple. Just write to us and we will have you participate.

There are two requests that we ask in the beginning:

Go and examine the RMLA. http://ssc.bibalex.org/helpdesk/introduction.jsf

Distribute this information to all students and faculty you can reach, as we believe that not only researchers should know a little about research methods, but all students in higher education in Africa should have some grounding in at least basic research. For example in the US most people think that in Africa people are more likely to be killed by a lion than walking across the street!!

The 3 component which is not required at this point, is if for you and your University or Academic or Training Institution become a regional member of the RMLA.

This is free, and we ask that you put a Library of Alexandria link/button on your site

WE have given about 7-10 research methods training courses throughout the world which really benefit students. If we can establish a joint virtual program with the approaches above, we could discuss a regional program.

My colleague Dr Musa Kana and I would be presenting the RMLA at a special panel at this year’s Biovision 2016 Conference in Egypt coming April. BioVision Alexandria , as it is referred to , is an important gathering that brings together distinguished speakers and Nobel Laureates from the four corners of the globe through rich discussions that commemorate science and the finest achievements of the human intellect. We would also be giving a course on research methods at The Society for the Advancement of Science in Africa (SASA) meetings in Nairobi, August 2016.

You are welcome to be part of the Africa RMLA today.

Contact emails:
Africaglobalhealth AT gmail.com , Ronaldlaporte AT gmail.com
Dr. Francis O.Ohanyido

Remember this well:

"Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". (WHO)

"Health is a Right". (IPHF)

My source: HIFA

If there are any similar initiatives in the Middle East, Asia, South America, Oceania... please advise.

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Saturday, January 30, 2016

Video: Concepts for Nursing Practice, Giddens

With an email seemingly lost I have registered and applied for a review copy of Gidden's Concepts for Nursing Practice. The 2e is published next month. I do hope for a positive response.

Gidden's approach, also proposed by others clearly has a great synergy with Hodges' model in concept-based learning and the learner's career. The most interesting aspect of this is to try to respond to the short-comings of a purely conceptual basis for curricula. I'm sure this is possible combining a pragmatic view of knowledge, an evaluation research design, threshold concepts and conceptual spaces with Hodges' model.

Giddens, J. (2013). Concepts for nursing practice. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby/Elsevier.

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Friday, January 29, 2016

Call for Special Issues - International Journal of Nursing Studies

The International Journal of Nursing Studies, nursing’s #1 ranked journal (2014 IF 2.9, 5 year IF 3.2), is requesting proposals for special issues.

IJNS provides a forum for original research and scholarship about health care delivery, organisation, management, workforce, policy and research methods relevant to nursing, midwifery and other health related professions. The IJNS aims to support evidence informed policy and practice by publishing research, systematic and other scholarly reviews, critical discussion, and commentary of the highest standard.

The journal particularly welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the most rigorous designs and methods appropriate for the research question of interest. The journal also seeks to advance the quality of research by publishing methodological papers introducing or elaborating on analytic techniques, measures, and research methods.

The journal has been publishing original peer-reviewed articles of interest to the international health care community since 1963, making it one of the longest standing repositories of scholarship in this field. The IJNS offers authors the benefits of:

  • A highly respected journal in its field with consistently high impact
  • Indexed in major databases: PubMed, Medline, Thomson Reuters - Science Citation Index, Scopus, Thomson Reuters - Social Science Citation Index, CINAHL and the BNI (British Nursing Index).
  • A truly global readership
  • Highly efficient editorial processes: average time from submission to first decision of 4 weeks
  • Rapid initial screening for suitability and editorial interest
  • Excellent peer reviewers drawn from a range of health service research disciplines
  • Early online publication as Article in Press - fully citable by your peers - on average 8 weeks after acceptance.
Individuals interested in submitting a special issue proposal should use the guidelines below to submit a letter of interest to Ian Norman (ian.j.norman AT kcl.ac.uk) and Peter Griffiths (peter.griffiths AT soton.ac.uk). Issues with systematic reviews are strongly encouraged.


We have introduced a procedure for proposing Special Issues, which involves writing a reasonably brief proposal structured under the following headings/issues. If you would be willing to do this we would be pleased to consider your proposal further. The headings are:

1. Proposed title of the Special Issue (SI).
2. Why you are the person to do this? Reputation in the field, key papers authored etc?
3. A paragraph about the topic which provides a rationale for the SI.
4. Reference to and brief outline of key papers from previous issues of the IJNS, and from other journals which illustrate the sort of material you would like to see in the SI.
5. Key authors in the field who you would invite a literature review/systematic review and/or an editorial.
- Special Issues of the IJNS comprise 14 – 16 papers, or which a minimum of four would normally be reviews.
6. Key networks, mailing lists etc. where the special issue could be publicised and the call for papers disseminated.
7. Possible co-guest editor(s), ideally (although not necessarily) based in another continent to you.

Allison Squires, PhD, RN, FAAN
Assistant Professor & Director of International Education, NYU College of Nursing
Research Assistant Professor, NYU School of Medicine
433 First Avenue
New York, NY 10010
Email: aps6 AT nyu.edu
Tel: 212-992-7074
Skype: allisonguera
Twitter: ASquiresPhDRN
Blog: http://nursementor.blogspot.com/
Webpage: http://nursing.nyu.edu/people/squires_allison
Associate Editor – International Journal of Nursing Studies
2014 Impact Factor 2.9, 5 year Impact factor 3.2!
# 1 Nursing Journal, Top 20 Health Services Research Journal

My source: GANM

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Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Drupal 2016 Global Training Days

"Global Training Days is an initiative of the Drupal Association. We partner with companies and local community groups around the world who host introductory Drupal trainings. Each training day is its own workshop. As an attendee, you get helpful information for evaluating Drupal as a framework and as a career path. You also learn enough of the basics to leave a workshop having successfully built a Drupal site." ...

Please visit: 2016 Global Training Days

My source: Lizz Trudeau, Drupal Association

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Monday, January 25, 2016

4th UK Health Literacy Conference

Health Literacy at the Deep End: Addressing Health Inequalities

Friday 18th March 2016

Golden Jubilee Conference Hotel (formerly The Beardmore Hotel and Conference Centre), Beardmore St, Clydebank, Glasgow, G81 4SA

We are delighted to confirm that our 4th UK conference will be opened by Maureen Watt, Minister for Public Health Scotland and chaired by Jo Protheroe, Chair of the Health Literacy Group UK, and Graham Kramer, National Clinical Lead for Self-Management and Health Literacy in Scotland.

They will be joined by high profile speakers from across the UK, sharing current thinking, research and practice in a series of parallel sessions and workshops. The Chief Medical Officer (CMO) for Scotland, Catherine Calderwood, will conclude what hopes to be a very exciting and productive day.

Click here for our conference programme

The day delegate rate for the conference is only £100 and includes tea, coffee and lunch. The pre-conference event is £10.

To reserve your place at this popular event, please complete the registration form and return it to s.weir AT keele.ac.uk by 28th February 2016.

Conference hashtag #ukhl2016

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Sunday, January 24, 2016

Journal special issue 2014: Diagrammatic Reasoning

Diagrammatic Reasoning

Special issue of Pragmatics & Cognition 22:2 (2014)

Edited by Riccardo Fusaroli and Kristian Tylén
[Pragmatics & Cognition, 22:2]  2014.  v, 107 pp.

My source: Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 29, No. 651.
W. McCarty.

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Sensory overload: Pain-ting

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic
Francis Bacon, Study for the nurse in the film “Battleship Potemkin”, 1957

Tate, Liverpool, 18 May - 18 September 2016 Francis Bacon: Invisible Rooms

Städel Museum. FRANCIS BACON

Zeki, S., & Ishizu, T. (2013). The “Visual Shock” of Francis Bacon: an essay in neuroesthetics. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 850. http://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00850

My source:
Pickford, J. (2016). In focus: Bacon's works come out of the shadows. FT Weekend. 23-24 January. p.2. http://on.ft.com/1ZTlgsC


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Thursday, January 21, 2016

Sensory Deprivation

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

Sensory Deprivation Skull chair by Atelier Van Lieshout, 2007

My source:
Heathcote, E. (2016) What is good design? A look at the many definitions of quality, FT Weekend, House&Home, 16-17 January. p.1 and 13.


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Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Doctoral student quest... (Delamont et al. 2000 - so true...!)

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

It is apparent that there is no single 
definition of the personal, intellectual quest on which doctoral students embark. Indeed we should not expect there to be one . . .

Scientific and academic knowledge 
does not rest on a purely mechanistic set of definitions and requirements. 
(Delamont et al. 2000: 51)

My source: Module 6 reading list.

Delamont, S., Atkinson, P. and Parry, O. (2000). The Doctoral Experience: Success and Failure in Graduate School. London: Falmer.

cited in:
Murray, R. (2003). How to Survive Your Viva : Defending a Thesis in an Oral Examination. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

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Monday, January 18, 2016

ERCIM News No. 104 Special Theme: "Tackling Big Data in the Life Sciences"

Dear ERCIM News Reader,

ERCIM News No. 104 has just been published at http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en104

This issue features a special theme on "Tackling Big Data in the Life Sciences"
coordinated by the guest editors Roeland Merks (CWI) and Marie-France Sagot (Inria) and a section "research and society" about "Women in ICT Research and Education", coordinated by Lynda Hardman (CWI)

This issue is also available for download in pdf and EPUB.

Thank you for your interest in ERCIM News. Feel free to forward this message to others who might be interested.

Next issue: No. 105, April 2016 - Special Theme: "Planning and Logistics" (see Call for contributions)

Best regards,
Peter Kunz
ERCIM News central editor

ERCIM "Alain Bensoussan" Fellowship Programme
ERCIM offers fellowships for PhD holders from all over the world.
Next application deadline: 30 April 2015
is published quarterly by ERCIM, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics.
The printed edition will reach about 6000 readers.
This email alert reaches more than 7500 subscribers.
ERCIM - the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics - aims to foster collaborative work within the European research community and to increase co-operation with European industry. Leading European research institutes are members of ERCIM. ERCIM is the European host of W3C.

Follow us on twitter @ercim_news
and join the open ERCIM LinkedIn Group http://www.linkedin.com/groups/ERCIM-81390

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Friday, January 15, 2016

PIF Annual Conference for People Working in Health and Care Information and Support 2016

Do you care about high-quality, accessible health and care information and support?

If the answer is yes, then join us at the 2016 Annual Conference for People Working in Health and Care Information and Support, held by the Patient Information Forum (PiF), which will take place on Wednesday 25 May 2016 at the Royal College of Physicians, London. Click here to view the conference programme

Conference: The Power of Partnership
We are delighted that The Information Standard will be the Lead Sponsor for the event, and with our first Early Bird Discount ending on 1st February 2016 (offering a whopping 20% off delegate fees) this is the perfect time to book your place at this event.

Our 2016 conference theme is the ‘Power of Partnership’. Partnership working is about developing inclusive, mutually beneficial relationships across a range of sectors that improve the quality of health information and support, and the experience of care for patients and the public.

PIF’s diverse membership, and network, means that our Annual Conference attracts individuals from a range of organisations, from around the UK - including the NHS, voluntary, academic, freelance, pharmaceutical and commercial sectors. Attending the conference will provide you with a great opportunity to make connections and create, and discover, new partnerships to drive your work and projects forwards.

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Thursday, January 14, 2016

Editorial: "Living dolls and nurses without empathy" mapped to Hodges' model

The example of Hodges' model displayed below is based upon selected concepts and themes taken from the following editorial:

Dean, S., Williams, C. and Balnaves, M. (2016), Living dolls and nurses without empathy. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.12891

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic


empathy - individual ability/quality

'the patient'

patient anxiety:
 emotional - psychological state

interpersonal skills

compassion - PURPOSE
individual values
hearing the person

artificial intelligence

(nurse-based observation skills)

simulation technology - 'living doll'

'the patient' in bed

(simulated) physiological data

cardiac event - crushing chest pain

voice-over technology

-TECHNICAL (machine)



communication skills

public perception




nursing programmes - education


cost of placements

professional values


Some further questions:
Where would you place holistic care?
Where does atomism lie?
In the above model where is situational awareness and how do we recognise an integrated approach?

My source: Trisha Greenhalgh

There is no endorsement intended with this post. 

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Monday, January 11, 2016

[ganm] All Party Parliamentary Group on Global Health - Review of Nursing

Dear Colleagues,

We hope you've had a great start to the new year. The agreement of the Sustainable Development Goals last year means that there will be an even greater demand for health workers globally. This will put particular pressure on nurses and nursing - as you know nurses carry the biggest burden of care and treatment throughout the world.

There hasn't yet been a global review of nursing. The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global Health is therefore undertaking a review of nursing globally with support from the Royal College of Nursing. It will look at how nursing needs to develop globally – addressing such issues as education, recruitment, retention, role definition and regulation – as well as considering, numbers of nurses, capacity and finances.

The APPG will not attempt to cover this enormous area in any detail but will aim to pick out the key strategic issues and to concentrate on what the UK can do to support the development of nursing and nurses globally. This follows on from the APPG’s recent mapping of The UK’s Contribution to Health Globally which identified the enormous scope that the UK has to help improve health globally.

As part of this review the APPG on Global Health is putting out a call internationally to gather written evidence of accounts, opinions and experiences to help inform the report.

In 500 words per question we would like to hear your views related to these questions:

  1. How does nursing need to develop globally in order to contribute most effectively to improving health globally and delivering Universal Health Coverage?
  2. What are the key issues that need to be addressed globally in order to enable nursing to develop in this way?
  3. What can the UK government and UK organisations do to help develop nursing and nurses globally?
  4. Any other comments or thoughts you may have related to the topic of the review.
Please submit your evidence in electronic form, ideally as a Microsoft Word document. Evidence should be clearly attributed with name, contact details, position and associated organisation if necessary. Please clearly state if you do not want the evidence to be accredited to you in the report. Submission need not cover all questions and written evidence not directly concerning questions will also be considered for the report. Please submit to rihaj AT parliament.uk by FRIDAY 12th FEBRUARY 2016.

Please feel free to circulate the call to other relevant contacts.

We thank you in advance for your time and contributions. Do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions.

With best wishes,

Dr Johanna Riha
Policy Director | All Party Parliamentary Group on Global Health
Office of Lord Crisp | Fielden House | 13 Little College St | London, SW1P 3SH
Office: +44 (0) 207 219 3873 | Mobile: +44 (0) 7725879924
Email: rihaj AT parliament.uk
Website: http://www.appg-globalhealth.org.uk

Fernando Mena-Carrasco, BSN, MSW | Intern & Global Scholar
Center for Global Initiatives
PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center
Johns Hopkins School of Nursing
525 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205
fmenaca1 AT jhu.edu | nursing.jhu.edu | ganm.nursing.jhu.edu

The GANM is part of the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center.

Please visit the GANM webpage at: http://knowledge-gateway.org/ganm/

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Saturday, January 09, 2016

Listening with Lines - Force lin-ear

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

"The line is a force whose activities are
comparable to those of all the
natural forces." 

Henry Van de Velde


Henry Van de Velde (Wikipedia)

Henry Van de Velde (.pl) (some broken links)
See - The nursing house Trzebiechów

Photo: Wikipedia "Trzebiechklatka" by No machine-readable author provided. Mohylek assumed (based on copyright claims). Licensed under Public Domain via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Trzebiechklatka.jpg#/media/File:Trzebiechklatka.jpg

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